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Tokens: IRC20

Tokens: IRC20

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IRC20 is our standard for implementing token on iost blockchain. It includes several practical features beyond transfer, such as freeze token, destroy token and can be configured carefully.

token.iost is the implementation of IRC20, all IRC20 token must be created by token.iostiost is also implemented according to IRC20 standard based on out build-in system contract token.iost.

If you want to customize your token, see Create Customized Token for more details.

The interfaces of token.iost are described as follows:

// create tokenSymbol
create(tokenSymbol, issuer, totalSupply, configJson);   // string, string, number, json
issue(tokenSymbol, to, amountStr);                      // string, string, string
transfer(tokenSymbol, from, to, amountStr, memo);       // string, string, string, string, string
transferFreeze(tokenSymbol, from, to, amountStr, unfreezeTime, memo);       // string, string, string, string, number, string
destroy(tokenSymbol, from, amountStr);                  // string, string, string
// query interfaces
balanceOf(tokenSymbol, from);                           // string, string
supply(tokenSymbol);                                    // string
totalSupply(tokenSymbol);                               // string

create(tokenSymbol, issuer, totalSupply, configJson)

Authority required: issuer

TokenSymbol is the unique identifier of a specific token, that is, you can’t create a token in token.iostcontract with a tokenSymbol used before. It’s a string with length between 2 and 16, and only consists of character a-z0-9 and _.

Issuer is the issuer of the token, only issuer has permission to issue token to arbitrary account. Normally issuer of a token is an account, but it also can be a contract. When the issuer is a contract ID, that means, only this contract has permission to call issue method to issue token to others. Let’s say, token mytoken‘s issuer is contract Contractabc, then Contractabc can call issue to issue mytoken,Contractabc can also call a function in Contractdef, and Contractdef thus has permission to issue mytoken. That is it, permission of a contract can be deliveried to the contract it called, you need to use system function blockchain.callWithAuthority instead of when calling another contract to delivery the permission.

TotalSupply is a int64 number, issuer can not issue token more than totakSupply.

ConfigJson is a json consists of the config for the token. Here is all the supported config properties:

    "decimal": number between 0~19,
    "canTransfer": true/false, the token can not be transferd if canTransfer is false,
    "fullName": string describes the full name of the token

issue(tokenSymbol, acc, amountStr)

Authority required: issuer of tokenSymbol

Issue tokenSymbol to acc account, amountStr is a string refers to the amount to issue, the amount must be a positive fixed-point decimal like “100”, “100.999”

transfer(tokenSymbol, accFrom, accTo, amountStr, memo)

Authority required: accFrom

Transfer tokenSymbol from accFrom to accTo with amountStr and memo, amount must be a positive fixed-point decimal, and memo is an additional string message of this transfer operation with length no more than 512 bytes.

transferFreeze(tokenSymbol, accFrom, accTo, amountStr, unfreezeTime, memo)

Authority required: accFrom

Transfer tokenSymbol from accFrom to accTo with amountStr and memo, and freeze this part of token until unfreezeTime. The unfreezeTime is the nanoseconds of unix time after which the token will be unfreezed.

destroy(tokenSymbol, accFrom, amountStr)

Authority required: accFrom

Destroy amountStr of token in accFrom account. After destroy, the supply of this token will decrease a same account, that means, you can issue more token in the presense of the totalSupply by destroying some tokens.

balanceOf(tokenSymbol, acc)

Authority required: null

Query the balance of an account of a specific token.


Authority required: null

Query the supply of a specific token.


Authority required: null

Query the totalSupply of a specific token.

Step-by-Step Example

Creating a IRC20 on iost blockchain is remarkably simple, you can just call token.iost contract.

Below is a step-by-step example describes how to create a token using bank account and transfer token between accounts, you need to create account bankuser0user1 first.

iwallet call token.iost create '["mytoken", "bank", 21000000000, {"decimal": 8, "fullName": "token for test"}]' --account bank
iwallet call token.iost issue  '["mytoken", "bank", "1000"]' --account bank
iwallet call token.iost issue  '["mytoken", "user0", "100.00000001"]' --account bank
iwallet call token.iost transfer        '["mytoken", "user0", "user1", "10", "user0 pay coffee"]' --account user0
iwallet call token.iost transferFreeze  '["mytoken", "user1", "user0", "0.1", 1544880864601648640, "voucher"]' --account user1
iwallet call token.iost destroy '["mytoken", "bank", "1000"]' --account bank